April 27, 1404:
Philip ‘the Bold’ II, Duke of Burgundy dies in Halle, Hainaut (now Belgium). John the Fearless, his eldest son, inherits his territories, political position in France, and leadership of the Burgundians against Orléans.
Philip was born in 1342, and acquired his nickname when he was captured with his father at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. He was originally made Duke of Touraine in 1360, but acquired the Duchy of Burgundy in 1363 from his father.
Throughout his life, he was quite active in the French court, and had a major role in putting down the Harelle, or 1382 revolt against taxes. He became the principal ruler of France in 1392 when Charles VI killed several of his knights en route to Brittany to punish John V, its duke, for attempting to assassinate him. Philip ruled until 1402.