April 26, 121:
Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius is born in Rome.
He became emperor in 161 after having been a consul for almost 30 years prior. He ruled with his co-emperor, Lucius, from 161 to 169, and died in 180.
Marcus Aurelius acquired the reputation for being a ‘philosopher king’ of sorts during his lifetime. He wrote a book of Meditations so that he might improve himself. The book has influenced the likes of Frederick the Great, John Stuart Mill, Goethe, Wen Jiabao and Bill Clinton.
Above, a bust of Marcus Aurelius in the Glyptothek in Munich, Germany.